elicit (vb)
The task of leadership is not to put greatness into humanity, but to elicit it, for the greatness is already there.
John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (1875-1940), ‘Montrose and Leadership’ (1930)
Ottawa, Canada. By Mr Drake, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: Public domain.
promote (vb)
The increase of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours.
David Hume (1711-1776), ‘Of the Jealousy of Trade’
Beyer Peacock (Manchester) Z12 No. 1020 in Australia. © Arhsact, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.
working (n.)
All nations have been made what they are by the thinking and the working of many generations of men.
Samuel Smiles (1865-1936), ‘Self-Help’
Harland and Wolff, Belfast. From Wikimedia Commons. Public domain.
expect (vb)
England expects every Man will do his Duty
Horatio, Lord Nelson (1758-1805), Battle of Trafalgar
Captain’s cabin, HMS Victory. © Nilfanion, Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 4.0.
further (adv.)
If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Letter to Robert Hook
View from The Pinnacle in the Grampians National Park, Victoria, Australia. © David Iliff, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.
english language and history .com
Passages from history, myth and fiction
for work in grammar and composition
UK summer time
1
St David of Wales
Music: Ralph Vaughan Williams
The popular monk was elected as bishop of Menevia in Wales in 550.

DEWI Sant, as the Welsh call him, was a Christian monk who founded twelve new monasteries in the largely pagan society of Brittany (in northern France), the West Country, and Wales.

David lived as his monks did, drinking only water, and eating only bread, herbs and vegetables.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Bury. Cover. Dig.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Water. Drink. Call.

Use together in one sentence: Deep. Confirm. In common.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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Lost Innocence
Music: Frank Bridge
In the fourth century, Britain’s Christians acquired a taste for watering down the mystery of their message.

WHERE the uproar of persecution subsided, Christ’s faithful, who during the crisis had buried themselves in woods and remote, lonely caves, went out in public. They renovated ruined churches, founded, built and finished off churches dedicated to the holy martyrs, unfurling them everywhere like victory banners, and celebrated feast days, doing everything with clean and holy hearts and lips.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Mortal. Deadly.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Hold. Ruin. Name.

Use together in one sentence: Cave. Go out. Never.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Love at First Bite
Music: Robert Farnon
Sam felt that his epic romance might have started more promisingly.

SHE was not the prettiest girl he had ever seen. She was the third prettiest. He had an orderly mind, one capable of classifying and docketing girls. But there was a subtle something about her, a sort of how-shall-one-put-it, which he had never encountered before.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Too. Two.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Find. Spirit. Arm.

Use together in one sentence: Make. All. Spirit.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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Beginner’s Luck
Music: George Frederick Bristow
As proof that ‘Providence protects children and idiots’, Mark Twain recalls his first taste of ten-pin bowling.

I WAS given an alley all to myself. The boys explained the game to me, and they also explained to me that there would be an hour’s play, and that the player who scored the fewest ten-strikes in the hour would have to provide oysters and beer for the combination.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Can. Could.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Hide. Stand. Start.

Use together in one sentence: So. Since. Score.

More games: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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The Last Commandment
Music: George Frideric Handel
Northumbrian poet Cynewulf imagines the farewell between Jesus and his Apostles, forty days after his resurrection.

“BE glad of heart! Never shall I wander; my love shall follow you unceasingly. My might I give you, and I am with you always, even unto the end, that through my gift none shall ever lack God.”

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Broad. Wide.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Lack. End. Break.

Use together in one sentence: Turn. Bright. Hand.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Happy Government
Music: Charles Villiers Stanford
Lady Glencora scolds the Earl of Brentford for political inactivity, but he warns her to be careful what she wishes for.

“WHAT a nice, happy, lazy time you’ve had of it since you’ve been in,” said she to the Earl.

“I hope we have been more happy than lazy,” said the Earl.

“But you’ve done nothing. Mr Palliser has twenty schemes of reform, all mature; but among you you’ve not let him bring in one of them. The Duke and Mr Mildmay and you will break his heart among you.”

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Since. Ago.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Fault. Charge. Want.

Use together in one sentence: Want. Time. Turn out.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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