For learning. For inspiration. Or just for fun.
King George V (1910-1936) to King George VI (1936-1952)
The Balfour Declaration of 1917 : The former Prime Minister threw his weight behind a national home for Jewish people in their historic lands.
The Balfour Declaration of 1917

A letter from a former British Prime Minister led ultimately to the formation of the State of Israel, the only country in the Middle East to guarantee ‘complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex’.

AFTER the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War, the region known then as Syria came under British control through the ‘Mandate for Palestine’.

The Mandate drew on the so-called ‘Balfour Declaration’ of 1917, a letter, dated 2nd November, from government minister Arthur Balfour to Walter Rothschild, a leading London banker and former MP for Aylesbury.

Balfour, a former Prime Minister, expressed the Government’s support for ‘the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’, so long as the rights of others were not affected.

At first there was strong opposition in the region and in Europe, but gradually the horror of Jewish persecution around the world came to light.

All other considerations were eclipsed. The British Mandate formally ended at midnight on 14th May 1948, and in accordance with United Nations Resolution 181(II), David Ben-Gurion, chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared the establishment of an independent State of Israel.*

* Independence Day (Yom Ha'atzmaut) is celebrated on or near to 5th of Iyar, which fell in 1948 on May 14.

In This Series

More like this

Modern History (138) History of Israel (7) History of Modern Israel (6) History (406)

Picture: © DiggerDina, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC-BY-SA 3.0. View original
The Russian Orthodox church of the Holy Trinity can be glimpsed peeping through the arches of one of the municipal buildings in Safra Square, Jerusalem, capital of the State of Israel.

Amazon Books

Featured Music

Letters Game

What is the longest word you can make using these letters?

Press enter or type a space to see feedback on your word.

More like this: Letters Game Games with Words

Numbers Game

Make the total shown using two or more of the numbers underneath it. You can add, subtract, divide and multiply. Use any number once only.

More like this: Target Number (Mental Arithmetic Game) Mental Arithmetic

Selected Stories
By Elfric of Eynsham
(955-1010)
Abbot Elfric unpacks the meaning of the gifts of the Three Wise Men.
The grand-daughter of Queen Victoria was as close to the poor of Moscow’s slums as she was to the Russian Tsar.
By Charlotte Brontë
(1816-1855)
Was it an over-excited imagination, or an answer to prayer?
Scotland’s association with the brother of Peter is down to an early 8th century Bishop of Hexham.
By Charles Dickens
(1812-1870)
Oliver was elected as the unwilling spokesman for all the hungry children.
Lord Byron could not have hoped for a better omen in his support for the oppressed people of Greece.