tickle (vb)
Earth is here so kind, that just tickle her with a hoe and she laughs with a harvest.
Douglas William Jerrold (1803-1857), speaking of Australia
Melbourne Docklands, Australia. © David Iliff, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.
quiet (adj.)
It is a beauteous evening, calm and free,
The holy time is quiet as a nun,
Breathless with adoration.
William Wordsworth (1770-1850), ‘It is a Beauteous Evening’
Wasdale from Wastwater. © GkgAlf, Wikimedia Commons.
struggle (vb)
If there were nothing to struggle for, there would be nothing to be achieved.
Samuel Smiles (1812-1904), ‘Character’
Andy Carroll scores v. Ipswich. © mikebrown59, Wikimedia Commons. CC BY-SA 2.0.
goodwill (n.)
Commerce first taught nations to see with goodwill the wealth and prosperity of one another.
J.S. Mill (1806-1873), ‘Principles of Political Economy’
Millennium Bridge and The Sage, Gateshead. © Martin Sotirov, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
famous (adj.)
Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us.
Ecclesiasticus 44:1
Thomas Clarkson, Anti-Slavery Convention (1840). By Benjamin Haydon (1786-1845), via Wikimedia Commons.
english language and history .com
Passages from history, myth and fiction
for work in grammar and composition
UK summer time
2
The Golden Age of Carausius
Music: Henry Purcell
A Roman commander facing court martial took refuge in politics, and for ten years London was an imperial capital.

IN 286, Carausius was appointed to command the ‘Britannic Fleet’, patrolling the English Channel to keep Franks and Saxons from raiding Britain’s southern coasts. Rumour had it, however, that he let some raiders through so he could pocket their plunder for himself, and Emperor Maximian summoned him for a court martial.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Later. Latter.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Support. Name. Coast.

Use together in one sentence: Appoint. As if. Return.

More games: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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Heracles and the Girdle of Hippolyte
Music: George Frideric Handel
A princess covets the belt of a warrior-queen, so Heracles is despatched to get it for her.

ONE day, Eurystheus’s daughter Admete expressed a fancy for the girdle of Hippolyte, Queen of the Amazons, a formidable tribe of female warriors who cast off their sons and raised their daughters like men. The doting Eurystheus at once sent Heracles to fetch it from Themiscyra, on the southern shores of the Black Sea.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Among. Between.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Hand. Call. Exchange.

Use together in one sentence: Realm. Southern. Sea.

More games: Précis. Sevens. Jigsaw. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Bede and the Paschal Controversy
Music: George Frideric Handel
The earliest Christians longed to celebrate the resurrection together at Passover, but that was not as easy as it sounds.

CHRIST died and rose again at Passover, the week-long Jewish festival at the first full moon of Spring. Christians had always wanted to celebrate Easter at that time each year, but no astronomer could determine the vernal equinox or full moon with precision.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Calendar. Diary. Journal.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Rise. Spring. Say.

Use together in one sentence: Year. Delegate. Infancy.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Education of the Heart
Music: Johann Christian Bach
For Jane Austen, the best education a father can give to his child is to befriend her.

TOO late he became aware how unfavourable to the character of any young people must be the totally opposite treatment which Maria and Julia had been always experiencing at home, where the excessive indulgence and flattery of their aunt had been continually contrasted with his own severity.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Price. Cost. Value.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Mean. Experience. Sense.

Use together in one sentence: Daily. Principle. Disposition.

More games: Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

Sense and Sensitivity
Music: John Field
Jane Austen wrote as a Christian, but all the better for doing so unobtrusively.

MISS Austin has the merit (in our judgment most essential) of being evidently a Christian writer: a merit which is much enhanced, both on the score of good taste, and of practical utility, by her religion being not at all obtrusive.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: All together. Altogether.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: Book. Reason. Purpose.

Use together in one sentence: Dramatic. Without. Subject.

More games: Précis. Sevens. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.

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Why England’s ‘Revolution’ was Glorious
Music: Henry Purcell
Edmund Burke argues that England’s ‘revolution’ of 1688 worked because we changed the Government, not the Constitution.

IN truth, the circumstances of our revolution (as it is called) and that of France, are just the reverse of each other in almost every particular, and in the whole spirit of the transaction.

With us it was the case of a legal monarch attempting arbitrary power — in France it is the case of an arbitrary monarch, beginning, from whatever cause, to legalize his authority.

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Grammar and Composition

Distinguish using sentences: Lay. Lie.

Use as a noun and also as a verb: State. Ruin. Order.

Use together in one sentence: Make. Legal. Attempt.

More games: Précis. Sevens. Confusables. Spinner. Opposites. Verb or Noun? Active or Passive? Subject and Object. Adjectives. Word Classes.