All Posts (676)
Nos 371 to 380
2 two-part story
Charles Villiers Stanford
Modern History
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Florence Nightingale
Florence used her logical mind and society connections to save thousands of lives in the Crimean War.

AFTER reading distressing newspaper accounts of servicemen wounded in the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale, who at that time ran a women’s clinic in London, confided her frustrations to Sidney Herbert at the War Office.

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No. 371
Ralph Vaughan Williams
The Great War
King George V (1910-1936)
The Battle of the Somme
A British victory at tragic cost, in which both sides had to learn a new way of fighting.

THE first day of the Battle of the Somme, which began on the 1st of July, 1916, with the Battle of Albert, constituted a heavy defeat for the Germans, and overall the Somme was declared a victory for the Allies.

But the British lost over 60,000 men on that one day, the bloodiest in the history of the British Army.

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No. 372
2 two-part story
Muzio Clementi
British Myths and Legends
Cap o’ Rushes
A girl’s choice of words sees her turned out of hearth and home.

A WEALTHY man was determined to find out which of his three daughters loved him best. So he asked the first how much she loved him, and she replied ‘Why, as I love my life!’ and the second said, ‘More than all the world!’

But the third said, ‘As raw meat loves salt.’

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No. 373
John Field
Poets and Poetry
‘My Shadow’
An enduringly popular, bitter-sweet poem by the author of ‘Treasure Island’.
By Robert Louis Stevenson
(1850-1894)

I HAVE a little shadow that goes in and out with me,
And what can be the use of him is more than I can see.
He is very, very like me from the heels up to the head;
And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed.

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No. 374
2 two-part story
William Herschel and George Frideric Handel
Mediaeval History
Roman Empire (Byzantine Era) (330 - 1453)
The Fall of Constantinople
Hospitality and sympathy, but no help - the Byzantine Emperor learns a bitter lesson about western diplomacy.

FROM 1399 to 1403, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel II toured Europe, drumming up support for the defence of Constantinople from the growing threat of the Turks. He even visited London, where Henry IV treated him to a Christmas joust.

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No. 375
Charles Villiers Stanford
The Second World War (1939-1945)
The Normandy Landings
‘D-Day’ on 6th June, 1944, kicked off the Allied invasion of Europe and raised hopes of an end to the Second World War.

ON 6th June 1944, the Allies set in motion Operation Overlord.

It started with Operation Neptune, landing thousands of soldiers from Britain, the Commonwealth and the United States on five beaches in Normandy, codenamed Utah and Omaha for the Americans, and Gold, Juno and Sword for the British.

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No. 376
Nikolai Medtner
The Second World War
King George VI (1936-1952)
The Bishop’s Gambit
The mayor and bishop of Zakynthos went to extraordinary lengths to protect the most vulnerable people of their island.

IT was in December 1943 that the anxious mayor of Zakynthos, Lukas Karrer, came to ask Bishop Chrysostom’s advice.

The Nazi commandant had given him seventy-two hours to compile a list of all the Jews of the island, a distasteful task as Karrer guessed that they would go to the Polish concentration camps.

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No. 377
2 two-part story
John Marsh
Lives of the Saints
Roman Empire (Byzantine Era) (330 - 1453)
St Mary of Egypt
Back in the 6th century, a young woman was ruining her own life and the lives of others.

WHEN she was twelve Mary ran away from home, and became a sexual thrill-seeker so compulsive that she lived for seventeen years as a prostitute without payment, just to get her ‘fix’.

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No. 378
John Marsh
Falkland Islands
The Falkland Islands
A proudly British group of islands far off in the South Atlantic.

IN 1690, a British expedition landed on a group of islands in the South Atlantic, and named the narrow strait that lies between the two largest of them after the Treasurer to the Navy, Lord Falkland.

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No. 379
Sir Hubert Parry
Lives of the Saints
The Lessons of History
England’s first and greatest historian explains why history is so important.
By Saint Bede of Jarrow
(672-735)

I WARMLY welcome the genuine eagerness with which you not only apply yourself to listen most attentively to the words of Scripture, but also make the effort to acquaint yourself in detail with the sayings and doings of earlier generations, and particularly the famous men of our own nation.

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No. 380
Polywords (185)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
Latest: Grey
Added on Thursday February 15th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
Latest: Letters Game
A word search game with a dash of strategy.

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From our Archive
The ruthless diamond magnate who donated his fortune to the education and empowerment of Africans.
By Adam Smith
(1723-1790)
Free trade brings to smaller nations all the advantages of empire without the disadvantages.
By Cynewulf
(8th century)
Cynewulf reflects on the mystery of the appearance of the angel Gabriel to Mary.
Based on a fable by
Aesop of Samos
There are no lengths to which some people won’t go.
Within little more than half a century a British penal colony turned into a prosperous, free-trade democracy.

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History (414)
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India (14)
Tudor Era (11)
Adam Smith (10)
Polyword ‘Pint’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘rim’ (4 letters), and ‘the Roman name for Chester’ (4 letters)?
Change KEEP into MOAT, one letter at a time.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.