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Nos 381 to 390
2 two-part story
John Field
Extracts from Literature
The Friendship of Cats
A cat’s affection is not easy to win, but the rewards make the effort worthwhile.
By Théophile Gautier
(1811-1872)

WINNING the friendship of a cat is a difficult business. The cat is a philosophical creature, methodical, quiet, tenacious of his habits, fond of order and cleanliness, who does not scatter his affections about indiscriminately.

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No. 381
Maurice Jarre
History of Israel
King George V (1910-1936)
Lawrence of Arabia
TE Lawrence persuaded Arab rebels to help overthrow the Ottoman Empire, but could not give them the independent Kingdom they craved.

DURING the Great War, the British sent Thomas Edward Lawrence, a Welsh army intelligence officer and expert on the Middle East, to work alongside Arab leaders smarting at Turkish domination.

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No. 382
John Field
History of Israel
The Suez Crisis
An Egypt independent of British rule humiliated her old colonial mistress, but began to slide into despotism.

IN 1956, Britain and America withdrew an offer to fund the building of the Aswan Dam on the River Nile, as a warning to Egypt over the country’s drift towards communist Russia and China. Egypt’s President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, announced in response that he would nationalise the Suez Canal, hitherto an international partnership.

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No. 383
History of Israel
King George VI (1936-1952)
The Arab-Israeli War of 1948
The newly-minted state of Israel’s Arab neighbours tried to prevent it taking shape, but ended up defining it.

WHEN the British Mandate for Palestine, a temporary arrangement created by the San Remo Conference of 1920, expired at midnight on May 13th, 1948, the United Nations honoured Britain’s long-standing commitment and recognised a sovereign State of Israel, plainly reflecting British political values, in a thin strip of land between the Jordan and the sea.

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No. 384
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Six-Day War
The USSR tried to draw Israel into the Cold War with the West, but Israel proved it could take care of itself.

IN May 1967, Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser began massing troops on the Israeli border, apparently acting on misinformation from the USSR. He also expelled a UN peacekeeping force from the Sinai Peninsula, and closed the Straits of Tiran, denying access to the Red Sea.

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No. 385
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Yom Kippur War
An unexpected act of war on a Jewish holy-day failed to hurt Israel, but marked a shift in British and American policy.

ISRAEL’S offer to discuss returning the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights, captured from Egypt and Syria during the Six-Day War in 1967, was roundly rejected by Egypt, Syria and six other Arab states. They wanted no peace, they declared, no recognition of Israel as a state, and no negotiation.

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No. 386
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Tudor Era
Edward VI (1547-1553) to Mary I (1553-1558)
The Nine-Day Queen
Lady Jane Grey’s accession was almost instantly overturned.

JUST before the young King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, died in 1553, he unexpectedly named Lady Jane Grey as his successor, passing over his half-sisters Elizabeth and Mary.

Jane was Edward’s cousin once removed: Edward’s grandfather King Henry VII was her great-grandfather.

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No. 387
Muzio Clementi
Extracts from Literature
A Tempting Offer
True moral integrity comes from within.
By Jane Austen
(1775-1817)

“IS there anything I can do for you in town? I have half an idea of going into Norfolk again soon. I am not satisfied about Maddison. I am sure he still means to impose on me if possible, and get a cousin of his own into a certain mill, which I design for somebody else.

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No. 388
William Byrd
The Spanish Armada (1588)
Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The Spanish Armada
Philip of Spain’s attempt to teach Elizabeth I a lesson did not go as planned.

KING Philip II of Spain was a Catholic, and the husband of Queen Elizabeth I’s half-sister Queen Mary I.

He did not approve of Elizabeth’s Protestant beliefs, and thought she had no right to sit on his late wife’s throne.

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No. 389
Ignaz Moscheles
Modern History
King George III (1760-1820)
The Bombardment of Algiers
For two centuries, human traffickers had stolen English men, women and children for the slave-markets of the Arab world.

WITHIN fifty years of victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588, England’s navy was so neglected that Arab pirates from the Barbary coast were raiding Cornish villages and commandeering fishing-boats with impunity, abducting hundreds of men, women and children for slave-labour in docks and on farms, down mines and in homes across the Ottoman Empire.

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No. 390
Polywords (183)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
Latest: Weir
Added on Sunday January 14th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
Latest: Letters Game
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
From our Archive
Orpheus would lose his beloved wife Eurydice to death not once, but twice.
By Plutarch
(AD 46-120)
The ancient Greek King knew victory had cost his army more than it could afford to lose.
By Sir John Seeley
(1834-1895)
Sir John Seeley urged us to cherish our close ties to India and other nations beyond Europe.
By Henry of Huntingdon
(?1088-?1157)
King Canute enacted a memorable demonstration of the limits of government power.
The heroic and charismatic statesman’s last journey was replete with echoes of his extraordinary life.

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Tudor Era (11)
Adam Smith (10)
Polyword ‘Lure’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘additional’ (5), and ‘reject contemptuously’ (5)?
Changing one letter at a time, see if you can start with COAL and finish with FIRE.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.