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Nos 451 to 460
Ignaz Moscheles
American History
The Pig-and-Potato War
In 1859, peaceful co-existence on the Canadian border was severely tested by a marauding pig.

THE Oregon Treaty of 1846 failed to make clear whether America or Britain governed the small but strategically important San Juan Island in the Gulf of Georgia, near Vancouver.

The diplomatic stand-off did not prevent American and British islanders alike living there peacefully until June 15, 1859, when Lyman Cutlar, an American farmer, shot a pig helping itself to his potatoes.

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No. 451
Charles Villiers Stanford
Discovery and Invention
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
The Iron Horse and the Iron Cow
Railways not only brought fresh, healthy food to the urban poor, they improved the conditions of working animals.
By Samuel Smiles
(1812-1904)

ONE of the most striking illustrations of the utility of railways in contributing to the supply of wholesome articles of food to the population of large cities, is to be found in the rapid growth of the traffic in Milk.

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No. 452
2 two-part story
Sir William Sterndale Bennett
Stories in Short
Jane Eyre
Her enemies made Jane stronger, but her lover struck a blow from which she might never recover.

JANE EYRE acquired her rebellious spirit at the hands of her vindictive aunt, Mrs Reed, and at Mr Brocklehurst’s spartan boarding school. It gave her the strength not only to survive, but to win an enviable position as governess to Adèle, daughter of Edward Rochester of Thornfield Hall.

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No. 453
George Frideric Handel
Lives of the Saints
Macarius and the Hyena
A monk of the Egyptian desert helped a desperate mother, and was richly rewarded.
Based on ‘The Lives of the Desert Fathers’
(4th century)

THEY say that as Macarius was praying one day, a hyena crept into his desert cave and began to lick his feet.

Finding the monk slow to comprehend, the hyena gently tugged at his tunic and tried to draw him towards the door.

Still puzzled, Macarius followed her until they came to her own cave.

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No. 454
Edward Elgar
Sport History
King Edward VII (1901-1910)
West Auckland, European Champions
A team of amateurs gave Europe’s finest a drubbing.

IN 1909, Sir Thomas Lipton, a Scotsman of humble background who had made his fortune in tea, decided to organise a football competition for the best sides in Europe.

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No. 455
2 two-part story
Sir Arthur Sullivan and Richard Strauss
Stories in Short
The Tragedy of Macbeth
Macbeth becomes wound in spells, and finds that one murder leads to another.
Based on the play by William Shakespeare
(1564-1616)

JUST before Edward the Confessor came to the English throne, two Scottish generals, Macbeth and Banquo, saved the throne of their king Duncan by repulsing a Danish invasion.

On their way home, three witches accosted them. They told Macbeth that he would one day be a king, and Banquo that he would be a father of kings.

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No. 456
Franz Joseph Haydn
Modern History
The Battle of Waterloo
Napoleon’s idea of government was so oppressive that Wellington’s victory is one of the most important events in European history.

IN 1814, following a disastrous assault on Moscow and defeat in the Peninsular Wars at the hands of Arthur Wellesley, Napoleon was forced into exile as governor of Elba.

But after a few months, Napoleon simply collected a few hundred loyal men, and marched back to a hero’s welcome in Paris.

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No. 457
Vassilis Tsabropoulos
Lives of the Saints
Greece (Hellenic Republic) (1974-)
Fr Vitalis and the Familiar Face
Why did a kindly old priest refuse to show his respects to St Nektarios?

ONE day, an elderly clergyman entered Fr Vitalis’s church. He lit some candles, kissed the icons, and venerated the relics. For some reason, though, he passed by anything to do with St Nektarios of Aegina. Fr Vitalis asked him why, but the old man just smiled.

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No. 458
Charles Villiers Stanford
Lives of the Saints
Cuthbert and the Weary Hawk
A bird of prey shattered the peace of St Cuthbert’s island, and was taught an unforgettable lesson.
Based on the account by Reginald of Durham
(12th century)

IN the days of Bartholomew, a hawk from a neighbouring island flew over to Inner Farne, and slew the hermit’s tame sparrow, which used to feed out of his hand.

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No. 459
Charles Villiers Stanford
Lives of the Saints
Cuthbert and the Expert Witness
A hungry monk thought he had got away with the tastiest of crimes, but St Cuthbert kept his promise to his beloved birds.
Based on the account by Reginald of Durham
(12th century)

SAINT Cuthbert loved all the birds of Inner Farne, and feared for them after he was gone. So he bequeathed to them a legacy, which is called ‘St Cuthbert’s Peace’.

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No. 460
Polywords (183)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
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Added on Sunday January 14th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
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A word search game with a dash of strategy.
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Polyword ‘Star Tern’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘conscientious’ (7 letters), and ‘unreturned serve’ (3 letters)?
Changing one letter at a time, see if you can start with FULL and finish with STOP.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.