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Posts tagged History (406)
Nos 251 to 260
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John Field
History of Israel
The Suez Crisis
An Egypt independent of British rule humiliated her old colonial mistress, but began to slide into despotism.

IN 1956, Britain and America withdrew an offer to fund the building of the Aswan Dam on the River Nile, as a warning to Egypt over the country’s drift towards communist Russia and China. Egypt’s President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, announced in response that he would nationalise the Suez Canal, hitherto an international partnership.

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No. 251
History of Israel
King George VI (1936-1952)
The Arab-Israeli War of 1948
The newly-minted state of Israel’s Arab neighbours tried to prevent it taking shape, but ended up defining it.

WHEN the British Mandate for Palestine, a temporary arrangement created by the San Remo Conference of 1920, expired at midnight on May 13th, 1948, the United Nations honoured Britain’s long-standing commitment and recognised a sovereign State of Israel, plainly reflecting British political values, in a thin strip of land between the Jordan and the sea.

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No. 252
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Six-Day War
The USSR tried to draw Israel into the Cold War with the West, but Israel proved it could take care of itself.

IN May 1967, Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser began massing troops on the Israeli border, apparently acting on misinformation from the USSR. He also expelled a UN peacekeeping force from the Sinai Peninsula, and closed the Straits of Tiran, denying access to the Red Sea.

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No. 253
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Yom Kippur War
An unexpected act of war on a Jewish holy-day failed to hurt Israel, but marked a shift in British and American policy.

ISRAEL’S offer to discuss returning the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights, captured from Egypt and Syria during the Six-Day War in 1967, was roundly rejected by Egypt, Syria and six other Arab states. They wanted no peace, they declared, no recognition of Israel as a state, and no negotiation.

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No. 254
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Tudor Era
Edward VI (1547-1553) to Mary I (1553-1558)
The Nine-Day Queen
Lady Jane Grey’s accession was almost instantly overturned.

JUST before the young King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, died in 1553, he unexpectedly named Lady Jane Grey as his successor, passing over his half-sisters Elizabeth and Mary.

Jane was Edward’s cousin once removed: Edward’s grandfather King Henry VII was her great-grandfather.

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No. 255
William Byrd
The Spanish Armada (1588)
Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The Spanish Armada
Philip of Spain’s attempt to teach Elizabeth I a lesson did not go as planned.

KING Philip II of Spain was a Catholic, and the husband of Queen Elizabeth I’s half-sister Queen Mary I.

He did not approve of Elizabeth’s Protestant beliefs, and thought she had no right to sit on his late wife’s throne.

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No. 256
Ignaz Moscheles
Modern History
King George III (1760-1820)
The Bombardment of Algiers
For two centuries, human traffickers had stolen English men, women and children for the slave-markets of the Arab world.

WITHIN fifty years of victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588, England’s navy was so neglected that Arab pirates from the Barbary coast were raiding Cornish villages and commandeering fishing-boats with impunity, abducting hundreds of men, women and children for slave-labour in docks and on farms, down mines and in homes across the Ottoman Empire.

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No. 257
3 three-part story
George Frideric Handel and Byzantine Chant
Lives of the Saints
St Bede of Wearmouth and Jarrow
The mild-mannered, artistic monk was nevertheless a founding father of the English nation.

THE church of St Peter in Monkwearmouth is all that remains today of a monastery founded in 674 by St Benedict Biscop, a local man who had studied abroad and was a frequent visitor to Rome.

The land was donated by Ecgfrith, King of Northumbria, and included the home of a Christian family with a one-year-old boy called Bede.

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No. 258
Sir Hubert Parry
Magna Carta
King John (1199-1216)
The Langbaurgh Charter
Peter de Brus and his tenants agreed to work together after King John ordered a crackdown on unpaid rents.

THE wapentake of Langbaurgh, an area of modern-day Cleveland south of Middlesbrough, was granted by King John to Peter de Brus, Lord of Skelton, in 1207. Naturally, Peter was expected to pay rent to the Crown, a burden which was passed on to his tenants.

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No. 259
Jan Ladislav Dussek
Liberty and Prosperity
The Small Compass
The role of government in a nation’s prosperity is important but limited.
By Jeremy Bentham
(1748-1832)

THE motto, or watchword of government, on these occasions, ought to be — Be quiet.

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No. 260
Polywords (183)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
Latest: Weir
Added on Sunday January 14th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
Latest: Letters Game
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
From our Archive
A February celebration for which the faithful have brought candles to church since Anglo-Saxon times.
By Anonymous (Irish Monk)
(9th century)
A 9th century Irish monk scribbled some verses about a beloved cat into his copy book.
A struggle between rival Royal Houses during the 15th century
Based on a short story by Amy Walton
(1845-1925)
Part One. Ruth Lorimer’s strangely comfortless life changes when she finds a scruffy little cat on the stairs, but not everyone is pleased.
Britain’s ties to the rulers of Russia go back to the time of the Norman Invasion.

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Adam Smith (10)
Polyword ‘Batter’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘ocean’ (7), and ‘a famously incorruptible Roman senator’ (4)?
Changing one letter at a time, see if you can start with SEED and finish with GROW.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.