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Posts tagged Mediaeval History (63)
Nos 31 to 40
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Matthew Locke
Mediaeval History
King Henry VII (1485-1509)
The Re-rediscovery of America
John Day of Bristol did not want Christopher Columbus to labour under a misapprehension.

ON 24th June 1497, the Feast of St John the Baptist, Venetian captain John Cabot and his crew of Englishmen landed at Cape Bonavista, Newfoundland, after leaving Bristol aboard the ‘Matthew’ towards the end of May. Cabot did not venture far inland or found any settlements, but took careful notes and charted the coastline.

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No. 31
Frank Bridge
Anglo-Saxon History
King Canute (Cnut) (1016-1035)
Turning the Tide
King Canute enacted a memorable demonstration of the limits of government power.
By Henry of Huntingdon
(?1088-?1157)

AT the high-point of his reign, King Canute ordered his throne to be set upon the seashore as the tide was coming in, and then addressed the rising waters.

‘You and the land on which my throne is standing are subject to me. No one has ever defied my royal commands and gone unpunished.

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No. 32
Gerald Finzi
Anglo-Saxon History
King Harold Godwinson (1066)
The Last English King
The Normans conquered England in 1066, and the country would never be the same again.

IN 1065, the people of Northumbria rose up against their powerful Earl, Tostig Godwinson, the estranged brother of the King of England, Harold Godwinson.

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No. 33
13 thirteen-part story
Thomas Arne and Edvard Grieg and Jean-Baptiste Lully and ten more
Kings and Queens of England
King Alfred the Great (871-899) to King Ethelred the Unready (978-1016)
Kings and Queens: Alfred to Ethelred
England’s rulers from the only one named ‘the Great’, to the king who lost his crown to the Danes.

THE first steps towards a Kingdom of England were taken by Alfred the Great, King of Wessex on the south coast.

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No. 34
John Field
Lives of the Saints
Wulfstan and the Seal of Approval
William the Conqueror’s purge of the English Church was halted by a humble bishop and a dead king.
Based on an account by Charlotte Yonge
(1823-1901)

THINKING all Saxon bishops rustic and unworthy of their sees, Archbishop Lanfranc summoned Wulfstan, bishop of Worcester, to a synod in the Abbey at Westmister, and ordered him to give up his pastoral staff and ring to a better man.

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No. 35
2 two-part story
William Herschel and George Frideric Handel
Mediaeval History
Roman Empire (Byzantine Era) (330 - 1453)
The Fall of Constantinople
Hospitality and sympathy, but no help - the Byzantine Emperor learns a bitter lesson about western diplomacy.

FROM 1399 to 1403, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel II toured Europe, drumming up support for the defence of Constantinople from the growing threat of the Turks. He even visited London, where Henry IV treated him to a Christmas joust.

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No. 36
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Tudor Era
Edward VI (1547-1553) to Mary I (1553-1558)
The Nine-Day Queen
Lady Jane Grey’s accession was almost instantly overturned.

JUST before the young King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, died in 1553, he unexpectedly named Lady Jane Grey as his successor, passing over his half-sisters Elizabeth and Mary.

Jane was Edward’s cousin once removed: Edward’s grandfather King Henry VII was her great-grandfather.

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No. 37
William Byrd
The Spanish Armada (1588)
Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The Spanish Armada
Philip of Spain’s attempt to teach Elizabeth I a lesson did not go as planned.

KING Philip II of Spain was a Catholic, and the husband of Queen Elizabeth I’s half-sister Queen Mary I.

He did not approve of Elizabeth’s Protestant beliefs, and thought she had no right to sit on his late wife’s throne.

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No. 38
Sir Hubert Parry
Magna Carta
King John (1199-1216)
The Langbaurgh Charter
Peter de Brus and his tenants agreed to work together after King John ordered a crackdown on unpaid rents.

THE wapentake of Langbaurgh, an area of modern-day Cleveland south of Middlesbrough, was granted by King John to Peter de Brus, Lord of Skelton, in 1207. Naturally, Peter was expected to pay rent to the Crown, a burden which was passed on to his tenants.

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No. 39
Edward Elgar
Lives of the Saints
Roman Empire (Roman Era) (27 BC - AD 330)
St George, Patron Saint of England
George was born in Israel and served in the Roman army, yet makes an ideal patron for England.

IN 1552, the English government forbade banners depicting Christian saints, considered idolatrous by the country’s newly Protestant churchmen. An exception was made, however, for banners of St George, popular in the army since Richard the Lionheart’s crusade to the Holy Land.

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No. 40
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Polywords (183)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
Latest: Weir
Added on Sunday January 14th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
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A word search game with a dash of strategy.
From our Archive
The inhuman cruelty of the Nawab of Bengal’s men brought swift retribution on their master.
After the Norman Conquest, thousands of worried Englishmen departed for a new life in the Byzantine world.
By Edmund Burke MP
(1729-1797)
Anti-Christian governments don’t make us free, they just impose their own, illiberal morality.
The young Roman Emperor Theophilus backed away from marriage to the formidable Cassiani, but he could not forget her.
When Parliament sent the Army against American colonists, people still calling themselves ‘British’ had to decide very quickly what that meant to them.

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Polyword ‘Rare’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘amusing play on words’ (3 letters), and ‘leaf of a pine tree’ (6 letters)?
Change KEEP into MOAT, one letter at a time.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.