Posts tagged Modern History (142)
Nos 91 to 100
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Ludwig van Beethoven
Modern History
The Peninsular War
Napoleon’s six-year-long campaign to bring Spain and Portugal into his united Europe was frustrated by Arthur Wellesley.

SPAIN rose up angrily on 2nd May 1808, after Napoleon occupied Madrid and put his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne.

Nelson had already inflicted a stinging defeat on Joseph off Cape Trafalgar near Cadíz in 1805, but this time Napoleon sent French troops with orders to teach the Spanish an unforgettable lesson.

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No. 91
Charles Villiers Stanford
History of Israel
King George V (1910-1936)
British Mandatory Palestine
The British had some difficulty fulfilling all the promises made to their wartime Allies.

ALTHOUGH the Ottoman Empire sided with Germany in the Great War, some Arab royalty in Ottoman-controlled Syria backed the Allies, and Colonel T.E. Lawrence promised them self-government should Britain win the war.

However, in 1917 details were leaked of the secret Sykes-Picot agreement, which proposed carving Ottoman Syria up between Britain and France.

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No. 92
Maurice Jarre
History of Israel
King George V (1910-1936)
Lawrence of Arabia
TE Lawrence persuaded Arab rebels to help overthrow the Ottoman Empire, but could not give them the independent Kingdom they craved.

DURING the Great War, the British sent Thomas Edward Lawrence, a Welsh army intelligence officer and expert on the Middle East, to work alongside Arab leaders smarting at Turkish domination.

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No. 93
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Yom Kippur War
An unexpected act of war on a Jewish holy-day failed to hurt Israel, but marked a shift in British and American policy.

ISRAEL’S offer to discuss returning the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights, captured from Egypt and Syria during the Six-Day War in 1967, was roundly rejected by Egypt, Syria and six other Arab states. They wanted no peace, they declared, no recognition of Israel as a state, and no negotiation.

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No. 94
Ignaz Moscheles
History of Israel
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-)
The Six-Day War
The USSR tried to draw Israel into the Cold War with the West, but Israel proved it could take care of itself.

IN May 1967, Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser began massing troops on the Israeli border, apparently acting on misinformation from the USSR. He also expelled a UN peacekeeping force from the Sinai Peninsula, and closed the Straits of Tiran, denying access to the Red Sea.

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No. 95
History of Israel
King George VI (1936-1952)
The Arab-Israeli War of 1948
The newly-minted state of Israel’s Arab neighbours tried to prevent it taking shape, but ended up defining it.

WHEN the British Mandate for Palestine, a temporary arrangement created by the San Remo Conference of 1920, expired at midnight on May 13th, 1948, the United Nations honoured Britain’s long-standing commitment and recognised a sovereign State of Israel, plainly reflecting British political values, in a thin strip of land between the Jordan and the sea.

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No. 96
John Field
History of Israel
The Suez Crisis
An Egypt independent of British rule humiliated her old colonial mistress, but began to slide into despotism.

IN 1956, Britain and America withdrew an offer to fund the building of the Aswan Dam on the River Nile, as a warning to Egypt over the country’s drift towards communist Russia and China. Egypt’s President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, announced in response that he would nationalise the Suez Canal, hitherto an international partnership.

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No. 97
Ignaz Moscheles
Modern History
King George III (1760-1820)
The Bombardment of Algiers
For two centuries, human traffickers had stolen English men, women and children for the slave-markets of the Arab world.

WITHIN fifty years of victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588, England’s navy was so neglected that Arab pirates from the Barbary coast were raiding Cornish villages and commandeering fishing-boats with impunity, abducting hundreds of men, women and children for slave-labour in docks and on farms, down mines and in homes across the Ottoman Empire.

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No. 98
George Frideric Handel
Modern History
King George II (1727-1760)
The ‘Black Hole’ of Calcutta
The inhuman cruelty of the Nawab of Bengal’s men brought swift retribution on their master.

CALCUTTA in 1756 was an uneasy trading centre within Bengal, home to French, Dutch and English merchants; but it was wealthy, growing, and tended not to pay its exorbitant taxes, and the young Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, saw it as a threat.

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No. 99
George Frideric Handel
Modern History
King George II (1727-1760)
Courage Under Fire
Robert Clive turned seven hundred frightened recruits into crack troops by sheer force of personality.

IN the Spring of 1752, Robert Clive’s poor health prompted him to return to England, but he was determined to rob the French of the forts of Covelong, a fishing village twenty-five miles south of Madras, and neighbouring Chingleput, before he left.

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No. 100
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Polywords (185)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
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Added on Thursday February 15th, 2018
Doublets (34)
Turn one word into another, changing just one letter each time.
Latest: Stardust
Quickwords (46)
A mini-crossword of everyday vocabulary and general knowledge.
Triplets (23)
Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
Latest: Triplet No. 23
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
See how ingenious you can be in combining three randomly chosen words in one sentence.
Compose sentences showing the difference in meaning, grammar or usage between these words.
Practise your basic arithmetic, from multiplation tables to percentages.
Latest: Target Number
Take command of English grammar and composition with these traditional exercises.
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A word search game with a dash of strategy.

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Today in History
1804 A steam locomotive built by Richard Trevithick makes the first return railway journey
From our Archive
The martyr St Euphemia played a vital role in preventing the message of Christmas from being watered down.
Joseph’s brothers decide they have had enough of their rival in their father’s affections.
By Charles Dickens
(1812-1870)
Charles Dickens rails at the way Parliament and do-gooders treat the public like an irresponsible child.
The opening of the Bombay to Thane line was the real beginning of British India.
At Bamburgh, John Sharp organised free healthcare and education, bargain groceries, and the world’s first coastguard service.

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Polyword ‘Colliery’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘pull along’ (3 letters), and ‘examine someone’s background and credentials’ (3 letters)?
Change KEEP into MOAT, one letter at a time.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.