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Posts tagged Modern History (139)
Nos 121 to 130
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Frederic Hymen Cowen
Modern History
The Siege of Khartoum
General Gordon’s death was a sensation and a scandal in its day.

IN 1884, the Sudan was faced with rule by Egypt, then in British hands, or rule by Muhammad Ahmad, the self-proclaimed ‘Mahdi’ of Islam.

Back home in London, Prime Minister William Gladstone sympathised with Muhammad Ahmad, whom he saw as a freedom-fighter.

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No. 121
George Frideric Handel
Stuart Era
King James I (1603-1625)
Gunpowder, Treason and Plot
Only an anonymous tip-off prevented England losing her sovereignty as well as her King.

UNDER Elizabeth I and then James I, Roman Catholics in England were fined, imprisoned, or even executed for refusing to acknowledge the English monarch as Head of the Church.

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No. 122
Modern History
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
The Anglo-Zanzibar War
It lasted barely forty minutes, but it brought slavery to an end in the little island territory.

ZANZIBAR is an island territory off the east coast of Africa, now part of Tanzania.

Relations with Britain had been good ever since the island gained independence from the Sultanate of Oman in 1858. However, the British were keen to use their influence to eradicate slavery, and not every Zanzibari was happy with that.

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No. 123
Frederic Hymen Cowen
Sir Winston S. Churchill
King George V (1910-1936)
The Massacre at Amritsar
After one of the worst outrages in modern British history, Winston Churchill made sure there was no cover-up.

ON 13th April 1919, thousands of Sikhs crowded into the Jallianwala Bagh [i.e. garden, park] in Amritsar, Punjab, on their harvest festival.

The Punjab had become a restless province during the Great War, and London, warned of terrorist ties to Germany and Russian revolutionaries, had imposed a crack-down.

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No. 124
Edward Elgar
Modern History
Armistice Day
Armistice Day is the anniversary of the end of the First World War on the 11th of November, 1918.

AUSTRIA-Hungary’s attempt to snatch Serbia from the fading Ottoman Empire dragged Germany and Russia into the dispute.

Britain and France were already pledged to the support of Russia, and very soon the most devastating war in history had spread to all Europe and beyond.

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No. 125
Sir Hubert Parry
Modern History
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Cecil Rhodes
The ruthless diamond magnate who donated his fortune to the education and empowerment of Africans.

IN 1870, at the age of seventeen, Cecil Rhodes was sent to South Africa for his health.

Twenty years later, he had turned a few small diamond mines into almost complete global dominance as the first Chairman of De Beers, and also founded the Cape’s international fruit industry.

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No. 126
Sir George Macfarren
Modern History
The Indian Mutiny
Army unrest spread throughout northeast India, and brought direct rule from London.

THE Enfield rifle carried by soldiers in the East India Company’s militia used bullets that came in a ready-greased paper cartridge, which was to be torn open with the teeth or fingers.

In 1856, the British moved production of these cartridges to Calcutta, with grease sourced from a local supplier.

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No. 127
2 two-part story
Franz Joseph Haydn
Modern History
Anglo-Saxon Britain (410-1066)
The Calendar ‘English Style’
An English monk warned of a flaw in the world’s most widely-used calendar.

AT the close of the tenth century, peoples from the eastern borders of the Roman Empire to newly-Christian Russia and even Britain shared one calendar, the Julian, introduced by Julius Caesar in 45 BC. And thanks in no small degree to eighth-century Northumbrian monk Bede and his best-seller ‘On the Reckoning of Time’, they also shared one Easter.

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No. 128
2 two-part story
George Frideric Handel
Modern History
King George I (1714-1727) to King George II (1727-1760)
Clive of India
Robert Clive helped to establish a lasting bond between India and Britain, laying the foundations of modern India.

IN 1744, eighteen-year-old Robert Clive went out to India as a lowly clerk, bearing a reputation for indiscipline.

But after enlisting in the militia of the British East India Company, which was vying with the French government for the control of trade with India, Clive proved to be a resourceful and daring leader.

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No. 129
Sir William Sterndale Bennett
Modern History
In the Nick of Time
Thomas Lewis was rescued from slavery with only minutes to spare.

AN African boy named Thomas Lewis was snatched at night by two boatmen working for Robert Stapylton, a wealthy plantation-owner from Chelsea. Thomas was gagged with a stick, tied up, and put aboard a ship bound for Jamaica.

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No. 130
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Polywords (183)
Make as many words as you can from the letters of a nine-letter word.
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Find one common letter that will turn three words into three new ones.
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Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
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From our Archive
God’s love proved to be bigger and stronger than all man’s wickedness.
By John Milton
(1632-1704)
John Milton shows his appreciation for noble words and music in uplifting harmony.
French revolutionaries in a fleet of four ships attempted to spark a revolution in Britain.
By Saint Bede of Jarrow
(672-735)
The chapel of Bede’s monastery in Sunderland was full of the colours and sounds of the far-off Mediterranean world.
By Edmund Burke MP
(1729-1797)
Edmund Burke pleaded with Parliament to emerge from behind closed doors and reconnect with the British public.

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Polyword ‘Cafe’
Make as many words as you can with the letters below. All your words must be at least four letters long, and must also include the highlighted letter. What’s the nine-letter word?

SEE how many words you can make using the letters below. All your words must be at least 4 letters long, and must include the letter (change).

We found commonly used words, plus one 9-letter word. Can you do better?

Use each letter only once. But if there are e.g. two As, you can used them both.

Don’t count proper nouns such as April, Zeus, or Newcastle (pretty much anything that has to be spelled with a capital letter at the start), or acronyms like HMRC.

Don’t just add -S for plurals or third person singular verbs, e.g. CAT → CATS or SPEAK → SPEAKS.

More Word Games
A word search game with a dash of strategy.
Guess these words letter by letter – before the cats are gone!
Do you know ‘current of cold air’ (7 letters), and ‘e.g. fascinator’ (3 letters)?
Changing one letter at a time, see if you can start with GOAT and finish with HERD.
Find the magic letter that can change three words into three different ones.