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The Lord’s Prayer
The Lord’s Prayer : An ancient compilation based on two Bible prayers.

The Lord’s Prayer*

As translated for the Prayer Book of 1662

Our Father, which art in heaven,
Hallowed be thy Name,
Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done,
in earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread;
And forgive us our trespasses,*
As we forgive them that trespass against us;
And lead us not into temptation,
But deliver us from evil. Amen.

* An ancient compilation from Matthew 6:9-13 and Luke 11:2-4.

* The use of ‘trespasses’ instead of ‘debts’ is characteristic of the Early Modern English tradition, but also ancient, going back at least to Origen of Alexandria (?184-?254). The word comes from Jesus’s additional remarks on the prayer in the verses that follow (see Matthew 9:15).

The Lord’s Prayer*

As translated by Elfric of Eynsham (955-1010)*

Þu, ure Fæder,
þe eart on heofonum,
Sy þin nama gehalgod.
Cume ðin rice.
Sy ðin wylla on eorðan swa swa on heofonum.
Syle us to-daeg urne dæghwamlican hlaf.
And forgyf us ure gyltas,*
swa swa we forgyfað ðam þe wið us agyltað.
And ne læd ðu na us on costnunge.
Ac alys us fram yfele. Sy hit swa.

* As given by Benjamin Thorpe, in his edition of Elfric’s ‘Homily on the Lord’s Prayer’.

* The Anglo-Saxon word ‘gylt’ is variously translated ‘guilt, crime, sin, offence, fault, wrong, debt, fine, forfeiture’ (see the Bosworth-Toller Dictionary).

Picture: © Jim Champion, Geograph. Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0. View original
The parish church of St Mary in Breamore, Hampshire, dating from the 10th century.

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